Despite being classified as vegetables in the grocery store and shelved alongside carrots, zucchini and tomatoes, mushrooms aren’t true vegetables. They have no leaves, roots or seeds and are instead fungi. Canada is a large producer of mushrooms, with over half its total production coming from Ontario and British Columbia.
The most popular canadamushrooms grown in commercial quantities in Canada is the white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus), followed by brown, portabella and shiitake mushrooms. Other specialty mushrooms, including enoki, oyster and king oyster, are cultivated on a much smaller scale. Wild, edible mushrooms can also be found across the country. Pine mushrooms (Taraxacum officinale and T. murrillianum), for example, grow in the wild in eastern and western Canada under coniferous trees in summer and fall, and have whitish to tan caps that are rounded to flat with curved edges and a prominent membranous veil.
From Spores to Shelves: Navigating the Mushroom Market in Toronto
When it comes to legal access to psychedelic mushrooms, Cote hasn’t been afraid to push boundaries. He’s run illegal weed dispensaries, embarked on a country-wide “Overgrow Canada” campaign in 2016 where he gave away five million cannabis seeds and even mailed grams of weed to Liberal politicians.
While there are more than 100 mushroom farms in Canada, the two most active provinces in terms of production and exports are Ontario and British Columbia, which together account for 92% of Canadian output and 72% of the value received for their mushrooms (Chart 2). However, prices differ between the two regions due to the varying market conditions, particularly in Japan, and can be affected by fluctuations in global demand and supply.